North East India Imarat Shariah & Nadwatuth Tameer is one of the leading Muslim organizations in India. The background of this historical organization was totally related to the ideas and thoughts of Hazrat Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R). However, soon after his settlement at Badarpur in Karimganj Sub-division, Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) had observed the absence of Islamic laws and practices in the Muslim society.
Consequently, Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury had decided to set up an organization for the convenience of his missionary work. With this aim in view, a small organization named ‘Talimi Jamath’ was set up in 1963 with a view to impart the knowledge of Holy Quran and Hadith among the Muslims. Observing the general acceptance of his Talimi Jamath both in urban and rural areas, Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) decided to extend the frontiers of Talimi Jamath and it was renamed as “Adara-e-Talim and Tanjim” on 30th January 1965. The activities of Adara-e-Talim and Tanjim reached to the Muslim masses with great enthusiasm. With the much development of Adara-e-Talim and Tanjim, it was felt urgently necessary to expand the organization and cover more Muslims under its network. Keeping all these into considerations, the Adrara-e-Talim and Tanjim was reorganised as “Assam Nadwatut Tameer” by Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) in 1966 with the decision of the concerned authority.
The Assam Nadwatut Tameer, under the brilliant and charismatic leadership of Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) was able to reach to the Muslims not only in Barak Valley but also in many parts of Brahmmaputra Valley. With the growing popularity of Assam Nadwatut Tameer for its proper guidance in the socio-religious life of the Muslims, it was once again seemed necessary to expand the network of Assam Nadwatut Tameer beyond the state of Assam and finally, it was to meet the religious needs and demands of the people of neighbouring states, the Assam Nadwatut Tameer was once again retitled as the North East India Nadwatut Tameer. It covered all the seven sisters viz Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland under its jurisdiction.
Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) was one of the very few outstanding personalities in India. He was born with rare and magnificent qualities, which not only made him a unique personality in India but his contributions for the eradication of social evils (un-Islamic activities) from the Muslim society also placed him in a very respectful position particularly in the Muslim society of North East India. Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) was a pious Alim and a great reformer. He was very strict and uncompromising Alim on the question of Islamic laws and principles.
It was his long-felt and heartiest desire that a Muslim should follow the Ahkam-e-Shariah i.e. Islamic laws in his day to day life. Each and every step of a Muslim should be regulated by the instructions of the Holy Quran and Hadith (tradition). All Muslims must be perfect Muslims in socio- cultural, political and in the economic field of life. A Muslim should not be derailed from the teachings of Quran and Hadith. This was the dreams of Hazrat Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R). He wanted the revival of the “Age of Sahabai Keram” i.e. Dawr-e-Sahaba. Sahabas, who were the followers of the prophet Hazrat Mohammed (SAW).
Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury was born in Sylhet in 1925. He was a nationalist Muslim and an active member of both Indian National Congress and Jamiat Ulama Hind. He was the supporter of united India and vehemently condemned the scheme of partition. But after the tragic partition of India, Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) found his life at risk in the hands of the Muslim League activists in East Pakistan and he after a long considerations left his homeland forever and migrated (Hizrat) to Badarpur in India. Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) coming after here in Cachar, observed that a lot of superstitious beliefs, customs and traditions were prevailed in the Muslim society. He was amazed to see the Muslims of Assam, who were far from the real code and conduct of Quran and Hadith.
So, he decided to reform the Muslim society in the light of the Holy Quran and Hadith. Keeping all these into considerations, Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) started his network of returning “Daure Sahaba” i.e. “Life time of Sahaba” once again in the Muslim society. With this aim in view, Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) with some of his colleagues organized religious meetings and gatherings in the different mosques of Barak Valley, with a view to teach the knowledge of Quran and Hadith. Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) popularly called “Hazrat Sheikh or Muhaddis Shahab” by his disciples, got tremendous response in his campaign and the Muslims in general began to come under his shade for the purification of their evil heart and souls.
In order to materialise his dream into reality, Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhoury (R) had founded North East India Imarat Shariah and Nadwatuth Tameer, which stands today as one of the leading Muslim organizations in India.
The foundation of Imarat Shariah was an outstanding historical step of Hazrat Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R). The establishment of Imarat Shariah in a particular area under one Ameer-e-Shariath, is very important as per Islamic laws with a view to guide the socio-religious matters of the Muslim society in the light of Quran and Hadith.
Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) was deeply concerned with the importance of the foundation of an Imarat Shariah in North East India, for the better application of Islamic laws in the Muslim society. But it was not easy work for Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) to set up Imarat Shariah in an area like North East. Because a section of selfish and ignorant Alims stood against his reform movements and opposed the formation of Imarat Shariah. But inspite of all short comings, Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury (R) was able to convince many distinguished Ulamas of North East India about the urgent necessity of setting up of Imarat Shariah. However, with the help of farsighted ulamas (Arbab-e-Ahl-Hall Wa Akd) & intellectuals, Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury finally was able to convene a conference at Deorail Title Madrassa, Badarpur on 23rd February, 1976 to discuss about the formation of Imarat Shariah in North East India. The conference under the presidentship of Maulana Minnatullah Rahmani, Amir-e-Shariath, Bihar & Orissya witnessed more than 50,000 Muslims besides thousands of Islamic theologians from North East and abroad. It was in the presence of a vast number of Muslims and ulamas, Hazrat Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury was unanimously selected the 1st Amir-e- Shariath of North East India.
However, Hazrat Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury, the 1st Amir-e- Shariath of North East India had died on 19, December, 1989. On the same day of his death, the Arbab–e-Hall and Aqd of North East India Imarat Shariah met at Badarpur and unanimously selected Allama Tayeebur Rahman Barbhuiya as the 2nd Ameer-e-Shariath of North East India and the funeral functions of Maulana Abdul Jalil Choudhury was performed under the supervision of Allama Tayeebur Rahman Barbhuiya, the 2nd Ameer-e- Shariath of North East India. After being selected as the Ameer–e-Shariath, Allama Tayeebur Rahman Barbhuiya Sb was welcomed from different corners of North East India wherein he attended and thousands of people took the ‘Baiath of Imarath’ whole heartedly in his hand. Hazrat Allama Tayeebur Rahman Barbhuiya is still continuing as the 2nd Ameer-e- Shariath of North East India.
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